One of the OFAC listing’s main goals is to promote the interests of the United States, of which being safe from nuclear proliferation is paramount. To this end, there is a dedicated OFAC sanctions list for providers and owners of radioactive weaponry. This has become even more paramount after 9/11, when the threat of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) surfaced.
Persons and companies should use the list to prevent doing business with those responsible for supplying such weapons to rogue organizations or governments. Civil and criminal prosecutions loom on the horizon for those who fail to perform proper due diligence.
The Treasury Department and OFAC office have three unique WMD sanctions programs:
- Executive Order 13382 (2005) blocks the property of persons engaged in proliferation activities and their support networks. This particular OFAC country list applies to several organizations in Syria, North Korea, and Iran. The Department of State and the Treasury can designate is authorized to designate additional WMD proliferators and their supporters.
- OFAC's Weapons of Mass Destruction Trade Control Regulations bans import into the United States from any foreign persons the Secretary of determines to have engaged in activities related to nuclear weapon proliferation.
- OFAC's Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU) Agreement Assets Control Regulations (2000) "Blocking Property of the Government of the Russian Federation Relating to the Disposition of Highly Enriched Uranium Extracted From Nuclear Weapons,” related to the nuclear disarmament of the former Soviet Union, and are directed at the property used to carry out international agreements between the United States and the Russian Federation for the conversion of highly enriched uranium (extracted from Russian nuclear weapons) into low-enriched uranium for use in commercial nuclear reactors for electricity purposes, and prevents attachment or garnishment of contracts in the United States.